To establish a diamond’s quality, you must examine each of the 5C’s. Carat Weight, Cut, Color, Clarity and Certification. It is the overall combination of these that determines the value and beauty of a particular diamond.
A diamond’s weight is measured in carats, and there are 100 points to each carat. Therefore, a diamond that weighs 75 points would be three-quarters of a carat.
While nature determines a diamond’s clarity, carat weight and color, the hand of a master craftsman is necessary to release its fire, sparkle and beauty. A well cut or faceted diamond, regardless of its shape, scintillates with fire and light, offering the greatest brilliance and value.
Diamonds are graded by color, starting at D and moving through the alphabet to Z, with D being the most colorless. While most diamonds appear white, virtually all display some hint of color.
The greater a diamond’s clarity, the more brilliant, valuable and rare it is. Virtually all natural diamonds contain indentifying characteristics, yet many are invisible to the naked eye. Under the scrutiny of a microscope, natural phenomena, called inclusions, may be seen.
Just as important as choosing the perfect diamond, is having an outside opinion of the quality of your diamond. A diamond grading report is a quality certification from an independent gem laboratory. So you can rely not only on the opinion of the store you are purchasing the diamond from, but also a recognized gemological laboratory.
Download our chart to help you through the process of choosing a diamond.